Production Process

  • In the Mediterranean and Aegean regions, where citrus cultivation is widely made in our country, the Mediterranean climate prevails, and after April, rains are cut or insufficient. This rain-free period continues until mid-October or November. It is necessary to water the trees during this period.
  • Soil structure and depth is one of the most important factors in citrus growing. Light and medium soils with deep, low groundwater level, well-draining, sandy, sandy-loamy, loamy and clay-loamy structure are suitable for citrus growing.
  • After the last rains are cut, soil cultivation is done in April and weeds are removed. The soil is swollen and arranged. Thus, it is possible to distribute water regularly. Irrigation canals and arcs are cleaned. Depending on the selected irrigation management, the sets of the garden are drawn or furrows (lines) are opened. If sprinkler or drip irrigation will be done, its installation is established.
  • Annual water needs of citrus fruits vary between 800-1,200 millimeters, depending on the soil, climate and physiological condition of the tree. However, not all of this is given by irrigation. Some of them are covered with precipitation. In the places where the Mediterranean and Aegean regions are cultivated, after the spring fertilization, it is not expected to wet the soil with precipitation in mid-May or early June and trees should be irrigated. Some years, depending on the early or late cessation of precipitation, the beginning of irrigation can vary from one or several weeks. Irrigation is continued at regular intervals from the first irrigation and irrigation is generally done until mid-October or early November.
  • Drip Irrigation: The essence of this method is that the water is transported from the pipes with low pressure and drips with the drippers into the soil very slowly. In drip irrigation, it is essential that the water used is first class and especially the salt and lime content is within the specified limits.In addition, fertilization can be done by mixing fertilizer into drip irrigation water. Studies in recent years have shown that the most suitable and efficient irrigation system for citrus is drip irrigation system.
  • Numerous fertilization trials on fruit trees; proved that the amount and quality of the product can be significantly increased by fertilizing and the resistance of trees to diseases and pests can be increased. The most deficient macronutrients in citrus are Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K); micronutrients are Zinc (Zn), Manganese (Mn) and Iron (Fe). The best way to determine the amount and type of fertilizer to be applied in citrus fruits as in other fruit types is to make leaf and soil analysis.
  • There are nearly 100 harmful species in the citrus orchards of our country. Although there are so many pests, they are also useful. Therefore, proper spraying should be done and damaging factors should be eliminated.
  • Citrus fruits have a longer post-harvest life compared to other tropical and subtropic fruits.
  • Harvesting is generally one of the stages where injuries are most common and pathogens are most infected. Citrus harvest is made with a harvest team in our country. These people usually specialize in collecting and caching a large amount of fruit per unit of time.